The King of the Netherlands has formally apologised for his country’s role in the slave trade, saying he felt “personally and intensely” affected.
The country became a major colonial power after the 17th Century, holding territories across the globe, and Dutch slave traders trafficked more than 600,000 people.
King Willem-Alexander on Saturday called the practice a “horror”.
The royal family did nothing to stop it, he said.
He was speaking at an event marking the 160th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the country – it was unclear ahead of the event whether the King would apologise for the Royal Family’s role in the practice.
In June, a new study revealed that Dutch rulers received the equivalent of €545m ($595m) in today’s money between 1675 and 1770 from colonies where slavery was enforced.
During his speech in Amsterdam, King Willem-Alexander conceded that the “monarchs and rulers of the House of Orange took no steps against [slavery]”.
“Today I’m standing here in front of you as your King and as part of the government. Today I am apologising myself,” he said.
“Today, I am asking for forgiveness for the crystal-clear lack of action.”
Accompanied by his wife Queen Maxima, the King acknowledged that he could not speak for the entire nation, but he told the crowd that “the vast majority” of Dutch citizens “do support the fight for equality for all people, regardless of colour or cultural background”.
“After acknowledgment and apology, we can work together on healing, reconciliation and restoration,” the King added.
His speech received cheers from the crowd at the Keti Koti Festival – the country’s annual commemoration of the abolition of slavery.