Former Gambian interior minister under ousted dictator Yahya Jammeh, Ousman Sonko on Monday is facing crimes against humanity at a Swiss Court where a serial rape victim will testify after a multi-decade wait for justice.
According to a Swiss campaign group TRIAL International which filed the complaint against him said Ousman Sonko will become the highest-ranking official to be tried in Europe under the principle of universal jurisdiction that allows grave crimes to be prosecuted anywhere.
Nine Gambian plaintiffs will travel to Switzerland for the scheduled Jan. 8-30 trial at the Federal Criminal Court in Bellinzona in a case rights activists see as ensuring global accountability for the worst atrocities.
Sonko, 54, faces charges including murder, multiple rapes, and torture between 2000-2016 in what is Switzerland’s second trial ever for crimes against humanity. He, however, denies the charges.
“It has been a long period of waiting, waiting with anger, anxiety. But I am very optimistic now and I feel so happy. I am smelling justice,” said Madi Ceesay, a 67-year-old plaintiff who says he was detained and tortured under Sonko.
The defendant’s lawyer Philippe Currat plans to ask the court to abandon the case, citing problems with the investigations and hearings.
“Since the beginning I have been stupefied by the way this file has been handled,” he told Reuters, saying some of the evidence in the indictment was based on “secret” hearings in Gambia and that interviewees had not been informed of their rights.
One of the plaintiffs is Binta Jamba who, according to the indictment, was raped multiple times by Sonko between 2000-2002 after he murdered her husband in connection with an alleged planned coup attempt.
Once, in 2005, he held her captive for five days, beating her and raping her repeatedly, the indictment said. She fell pregnant by him twice and he paid for the abortions.
“Me and my family have been struggling with this for almost 25 years now,” she said in a message sent to Reuters. “Without justice I will never have peace in my life.”
Currat says he can prove that Sonko was abroad during much of the period of the rape accusations.
He will also argue that many of the alleged crimes against humanity, including the rape charges, happened before a relevant Swiss law took effect in 2011 and are not admissible.
Sonko, 54, was arrested in early 2017 in Switzerland, where he was seeking asylum. Jammeh’s 22-year repressive rule ended in January 2017 after he lost an election and was forced to flee.
Sonko could face a life sentence as a maximum possible penalty.
Currat says his treatment in Swiss jails has been cruel and that he was denied food and given inadequate medical care.
Fatoumatta Sandeng, the daughter of Solo Sandeng, a Gambian opposition activist killed in custody in 2016, said she is eager to look into Sonko’s eyes in court. “If we don’t hold people accountable, things like this will keep happening in Gambia, in Africa, all over the world,” she said.